Ethiopia: Meles Zenawi and Educational Development (Video)

meles-zenawi-10

Source: a24media.com

The death of Meles Zenawi and installation of his deputy as interim prime Minister has been all over the news in Africa and beyond. Many mourn this leader but also celebrate strides made in the 2 decades of his leadership. Here’s a look at one of the key changes during his time.

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AFJOUR-31 AUGUST 1-SEPTEMBER -ETHIOPIA-MELES-ZENAWI-AND-EDUCATIONALDEVELOPMENT
ETHIOPIA MELES ZENAWI AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
LOCATION: ADDIS ABABA, LAFUARGISA, NAIROBI
ETHIOPIA, KENYA
REPORT BY: TEWODROS TEKESTE, ZERIHUM TADESSE AND MACHARIA MAINA
DURATION: 09:02
RECENT AND FILE
A1: MIXED NATURAL SOUND AND VOICEOVER: ENGLISH NARRATION BY MACHARIA
MAINA AND NATURAL WITH AMHARIC AND ENGLISH SPEECH**BROADCASTERS PLEASE
PAN A-1 ONTO BOTH CHANNELS FOR PROGRAMME BROADCAST**
A2: NATURAL SOUND ONLY, NOT FOR USE DURING PROGRAMME BROADCAST
SOURCE: REUTERS
TV & WEB RESTRICTIONS~**NONE**~
The death of Meles Zenawi and installation of his deputy as interim
prime Minister has been all over the news in Africa and beyond. Many
mourn this leader but also celebrate strides made in the 2 decades of
his leadership. Here’s a look at one of the key changes during his
time.
SHOW
(AJ)ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
1. VARIOUS OF PEOPLE MOURNING PRIME MINISTER MELES ZENAWI
2. VARIOUS OF MOURNERS AT THE AIRPORT
3. COFFIN COVERED IN ETHIOPIAN FLAG
4. MORE OF MOURNERS
5. AN UNKNOWN WOMAN CRYING WHILE TALKING TO THE MEDIA REGARDING THE
PRIME MINISTERS DEATH
6. A WOMAN TALKING TO THE MEDIA REGARDING, THE PRIME MINISTERS DEATH
7. MASS FLOW OF WATER
8. VARIOUS OF AFRICA UNION SUMMIT HEADQUARTERS
9. VARIOUS OF FLAGS ON TOP OF A BUILDING
10. VARIOUS OF STREETS
(AJ) ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
11. VARIOUS OF THE LATE PRIME MINISTER MELES ZENAWI AND TIGRAYAN
PEOPLE’S LIBERATION FRONT
12. VARIOUS OF SOLDIERS FIGHTING
13. VARIOUS OF SOLDIERS MARCHING
(AJ) UNKNOWN LOCATION (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
14. STILL: IMAGE OF FORMER ETHIOPIA PRESIDENT MENGISTU HAILE MARIAM
(AJ) UNKNOWN LOCATION (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
15. VARIOUS OF MENGISTU HAILE MARIAM, FORMER ETHIPIA PRESIDENT, ALIGHTING FROM PLANE
(AJ) ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
16. MELES ZENAWI SPEAKING AT A MEETING
(AJ) ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
17. VARIOUS OF YURI TADESSE, MD & INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS DEVELOPER
TALKING TO AFRICA JOURNAL HOST MACHARIA MAINA
18. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) YURI TADESSE, MD & INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
DEV, SAYING:
“He wanted me to help create the linkage necessary between the
higher education system from Ethiopian with Ethiopian
universities, those are the kind of things I used to work on
during his years in office. Up until recently, last January when
I saw him during the world economic forum, these are the kind of
issues we talked about.”
(AJ) UNKNOWN LOCATION (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
19. VARIOUS OF MELES ZENAWI AT UNITED NATIONS SUMMIT
(AJ) NO LOCATION (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
20. GRAPHICS SHOWING POPULATION AND PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN ENROLLING
IN SCHOOL
21. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) YURI TADESSE, MD & INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
DEV, SAYING:
“If you want to build a new society the very first thing you have to
do is educated. Your educatable segment of your population and this
government successfully has done that, is doing that and God only
knows what their future entails because at the road they are gone,
every able young person of Ethiopian citeizenary will have the
opportunity to learn and be educated in order to serve themselves and
serve their country.”
(AJ)LAFUARGISA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
22. VARIOUS OF VEHICLES ON ROAD
23. VARIOUS OF FARMS ON THE COUNTRYSIDE
(AJ)ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
24. VARIOUS OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
25. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) BINYAM SISAY, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,
LINGUISTICS, SAYING:
“So the last twenty years about twenty six languages were used
in the school, most of them were used as a medium of instruction
and some were taught as a subject in primary and secondary
education.”
26. VARIOUS OF STUDENTS IN LIBRARY
27. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) PROF. HABTAMU WONDIMU, SOCIAL
SCIENTIST, SAYING:
“Somehow the higher education the education you measure, at
least you can say this many students are in this university,
like 60000 students are in addis ababa university, when I was a
student there were only 2500 students in haille selassie
university, this is the campus I started my education, I went to
u.S. etcetera now we’re talking of 60,000.”
28. MORE OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
29. VARIOUS OF PROFESSOR HABTAMU IN OFFICE
30. SIGN: ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
31. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) PROF. HABTAMU WONDIMU, SOCIAL SCIENTIST
SAYING:
“They will be going to high schools or junior colleges they
teach and when they themselves are weak and teach their products
will be weak. So it is a vicious cycle. And obviously in various
government organizations or various industries or in education
sector the teaching and stuff obviously that will be reflected.”
32. VARIOUS OF STREETS
(AJ)ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
33. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) MELES ZENAWI, ETHIOPIA’S FIRST PRIME
MINISTER SAYING:
“In the past, four or five years ago people were afraid to
criticize the government even in their homes now that is no
longer the case.”
(AJ) LAFUARGISA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
34. MORE OF FARMS ON COUNTRYSIDE
(AJ)ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
35. VARIOUS OF FOODS AND PEOPLE AT A MARKET
36. VARIOUS OF A CRANE
37. (SOUNDBITE) (ENGLISH) YURI TADESSE, MD & INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
DEVELOPER, SAYING:
“He usually encouraged me and at times whenever he felt like it,
he would encourage me to push harder to bring investments into
our country, since it is the duty and responsibility of every
citizenry not only those elected officials.”
(AJ)NAIROBI, KENYA (FILE) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
38. VARIOUS OF MELES ZENAWI WITH FORMER KENYAN PRESIDENT DANIEL
ARAP MOI
(AJ)ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (RECENT) (REUTERS – ACCESS ALL)
39. VARIOUS OF PEOPLE AT A MARKET
40. (SOUNDBITE) (AMHARIC) AMARE YOHANNES, BAKER, SAYING:
“I am very very sad. We didn’t lose one person we lost a
million. Our brother passed away without even resting one day.
It is very sad. He didn’t even manage to eat food properly.
Worked for 37 years without rest.”
41. VARIOUS OF PEOPLE AT A CONFERENCE
42. MORE OF PEOPLE WALKING ON STREETS
STORY
UPSOUND R/T: 05
People mourning
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:11
Tuesday morning, 21st August, 2012. Ethiopians receive news that
Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has died.
UPSOUND R/T: 04
People mourning and aeroplane engine
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:07
That night mourners line streets and throng Bole International
airport for the arrival of the body. Men and women alike,
regardless of profession, allow their tears to flow in front of
our cameras without shame.
UPSOUND R/T: 06
People mourning
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:14
All over the capital city, Addis Ababa none attempts to comfort
the other in this crowd. All are heavily burdened with the
weight of losing this leader. This mood is consistent across the
country.
UPSOUND R/T: 00:07
Instrumentals and mourning
SOT R/T: 00:21 (Female/Amharic)
VOXPOP
“He should not have died, if he stayed longer he would have completed
and achieved his work, I am speechless and our hearts are broken not
only outside but we are also crying from the inside.”
SOT R/T: 00:10 (Female/Amharic)
VOXPOP
“It is not only Ethiopia that lost him, it is all Africa, all the
world that lost him.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:35
The last days of August mark the end of the rainy season in
Ethiopia, but this time, the usual cheer that comes with the end
of the coldest period in their calendar is met with sadness all
flags fly at half mass. Only 20 years old, Meles Zenawi, a
native of Tigray province, rose to power with force. In 1975 He
was one of the founders of the would be ruling party the
Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front.
UPSOUND R/T: 00:06
Music
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:55
Years later, together with the TPLF, Meles marched into Addis
Ababa in 1991 and overthrew Mengistu Haile Mariam. Mengistu on
the other hand fled to Zimbabwe, the haven where he had formed
ties with President Robert Mugabe during the country’s fight for
independence. Meanwhile a fresh task was at hand in Ethiopia.
The nation’s new head of state was preparing technocrats and
government officials for different tasks, key among them
Education. Yuri Tadesse has more than 20 years experience
working in politics and international business. For his
generation, education was not available to everyone and changing
this became the main task for Meles.
SOT R/T: 00: 29 (Male/English)
YURI TADESSE
MD, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS DEV.
“He wanted me to help create the linkage necessary between the
higher education systems from Ethiopian with Ethiopian
universities; those are the kind of things I used to work on
during his years in office. Up until recently, last January when
I saw him during the world economic forum, these are the kind of
issues we talked about.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:14
Meles is credited with changing the formal schooling sector in
Ethiopia. In a country of around 82 Million people, the nation
currently has 84 percent of its children enrolling for primary
school.
SOT R/T: 00: 39 (Male/English)
YURI TADESSE
MD, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS DEV.
“If you want to build a new society the very first thing you have to
do is educated. Your educatable segment of your population and this
government successfully has done that, is doing that and God only
knows what their future entails because at the road they are gone,
every able young person of Ethiopian citeizenary will have the
opportunity to learn and be educated in order to serve themselves and
serve their country.”
UPSOUND R/T: 00:05
Moving vehicle
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:22
That includes the rural communities. Ethiopia hosts more than
70 different ethnic groups. Assistant Professor of linguistics
at the Addis Ababa University, Binyam Sisay says the Meles
regime introduced a significant policy as a result of the ethnic
groups.
SOT R/T: 00:20 (Male/English)
BINYAM SISAY
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, LINGUISTICS
“So the last twenty years about twenty six languages were used
in the school, most of them were used as a medium of instruction
and some were taught as a subject in primary and secondary
education.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:05
While the prime minister was praised for increasing access to
schools and learning…
SOT R/T: 00:23 (Male/English)
PROF. HABTAMU WONDIMU
SOCIAL SCIENTIST
“Somehow the higher education the education you measure, at
least you can say this many students are in this university,
like 60000 students are in addis ababa university, when I was a
student there were only 2500 students in haille selassie
university, this is the campus I started my education, I went to
U.S. etc now we’re talking of 60,000.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:08
Meles also received criticism for the same policies. Professor
Habtamu Wondimu is worried about the new crop of graduates.
SOT R/T: 00:27 (Male/English)
PROFESSOR HABTAMU WONDIMU
SOCIAL SCIENTIST
“They will be going to high schools or junior colleges they
teach and when they themselves are weak and teach their products
will be weak. So it is a vicious cycle. And obviously in various
government organizations or various industries or in education
sector the teaching and stuff obviously that will be reflected.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:13
The Prime ministers leadership style was also a debate, with
others terming it as a dictatorship. An opinion that he spoke of
in this interview held in 1995.
SOT R/T: 00:14 (Male/English)
MELES ZENAWI
ETHIOPIA’S FIRST PRIME MINISTER
“In the past, four or five years ago people were afraid to
criticize the government even in their homes now that is no
longer the case.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:21
Under the Meles’ tenure, the Horn of Africa country also
launched projects boosting agriculture, which now accounts for
more than 40 percent of its GDP. From exports, to
infrastructural changes, the state now stands as one of the top
ten fastest growing economies in the world.
SOT R/T: 00:27(Male/English)
YURI TADESSE
MD, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS DEV.
“He usually encouraged me and at times whenever he felt like
it, he would encourage me to push harder to bring investments
into our country, since it is the duty and responsibility of
every citizenry not only those elected officials.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:13
With the demise of the Prime Minister, a man on whom some had
pegged the hopes of Ethiopia’s development his supporters are in
shock when asked about the kind of output Meles Zenawi gave his
role.
SOT R/T: 00:21 (Amharic/English)
AMARE YOHANNES
BAKER
“I am very very sad. We didn’t lose one person we lost a
million. Our brother passed away without even resting one day.
It is very sad. He didn’t even manage to eat food properly.
Worked for 37 years without rest.”
VOICE OVER R/T: 00:17
Presently, though, the gap Meles Zenawi has left will have his Deputy
Haile Mariam Desagne fill it, until parliament elects a new prime
minister. For now Ethiopians await elections to be held in 2015.
END

Source: a24media.com