The European Union’s and China’s Relations with Ethiopia

Road to the left or right

Ethiopia, China and the European Union

Christine Hackenesch, research fellow at the German Development Institute, published an article in the first issue for 2013 of the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs titled “Aid Donor Meets Strategic Partner? The European Union’s and China’s Relations with Ethiopia.”

Using Ethiopia as a case study, the paper assesses the “competitive pressure” that China’s growing presence in Africa exerts on the European Union’s development policy. The study draws on interviews conducted in China, Ethiopia and Europe between 2008 and 2011.

The author concludes that the European Union engages Ethiopia as an aid recipient, whereas China has developed a comprehensive political and economic partnership.

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Aid Donor Meets Strategic Partner? The European Union’s and China’s Relations with Ethiopia

By Christine Hackenesch

Abstract

The motives, instruments and effects of China’s Africa policy have spurred a lively debate in European development policy circles. This paper assesses the “competitive pressure” that China’s growing presence in Africa exerts on the European development policy regime. Drawing on a large number of interviews conducted in China, Ethiopia and Europe between 2008 and 2011, the paper analyses Ethiopia as a case study. Ethiopia has emerged as one of the most important countries in Chinese as well as European cooperation with Africa. Yet, Chinese and European policies toward Ethiopia differ greatly. The EU mainly engages Ethiopia as an aid recipient, whereas China has developed a comprehensive political and economic partnership with the East African state. China has thereby become an alternative partner to the Ethiopian government, a development that both sheds light on the gap between European rhetoric and policy practice and puts pressure on the EU to make more efforts to reform its development policy system.

Click the link below to read the entire paper in PDF format
Journal of Current Chinese Affairs